Photoacoustic imaging with limited sampling: a review of machine learning approaches.

TitlePhotoacoustic imaging with limited sampling: a review of machine learning approaches.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2023
AuthorsR Wang, J Zhu, J Xia, J Yao, J Shi, and C Li
JournalBiomedical optics express
Start Page1777
Pagination1777 - 1799
Date Published04/2023

Photoacoustic imaging combines high optical absorption contrast and deep acoustic penetration, and can reveal structural, molecular, and functional information about biological tissue non-invasively. Due to practical restrictions, photoacoustic imaging systems often face various challenges, such as complex system configuration, long imaging time, and/or less-than-ideal image quality, which collectively hinder their clinical application. Machine learning has been applied to improve photoacoustic imaging and mitigate the otherwise strict requirements in system setup and data acquisition. In contrast to the previous reviews of learned methods in photoacoustic computed tomography (PACT), this review focuses on the application of machine learning approaches to address the limited spatial sampling problems in photoacoustic imaging, specifically the limited view and undersampling issues. We summarize the relevant PACT works based on their training data, workflow, and model architecture. Notably, we also introduce the recent limited sampling works on the other major implementation of photoacoustic imaging, i.e., photoacoustic microscopy (PAM). With machine learning-based processing, photoacoustic imaging can achieve improved image quality with modest spatial sampling, presenting great potential for low-cost and user-friendly clinical applications.

Short TitleBiomedical optics express