Sound out the impaired perfusion: Photoacoustic imaging in preclinical ischemic stroke.

TitleSound out the impaired perfusion: Photoacoustic imaging in preclinical ischemic stroke.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsL Menozzi, W Yang, W Feng, and J Yao
JournalFrontiers in Neuroscience
Start Page1055552
Date Published01/2022

Acoustically detecting the optical absorption contrast, photoacoustic imaging (PAI) is a highly versatile imaging modality that can provide anatomical, functional, molecular, and metabolic information of biological tissues. PAI is highly scalable and can probe the same biological process at various length scales ranging from single cells (microscopic) to the whole organ (macroscopic). Using hemoglobin as the endogenous contrast, PAI is capable of label-free imaging of blood vessels in the brain and mapping hemodynamic functions such as blood oxygenation and blood flow. These imaging merits make PAI a great tool for studying ischemic stroke, particularly for probing into hemodynamic changes and impaired cerebral blood perfusion as a consequence of stroke. In this narrative review, we aim to summarize the scientific progresses in the past decade by using PAI to monitor cerebral blood vessel impairment and restoration after ischemic stroke, mostly in the preclinical setting. We also outline and discuss the major technological barriers and challenges that need to be overcome so that PAI can play a more significant role in preclinical stroke research, and more importantly, accelerate its translation to be a useful clinical diagnosis and management tool for human strokes.

Short TitleFrontiers in Neuroscience